16 July 2020
Series: Bible study
Topic: temple
All Sermons ยป

The Torah and the temple today

Speaker: Apostle Ernie

In Numbers 18:15, it says we have to pay the priesthood a symbolic amount when a firstborn boy is born. This has to do with Yehovah’s commandment saying all the firstborns belong to Him, by paying this amount, you could redeem him back.

Ex 13:13 and 34:20 says we are to pay the priesthood a symbolic amount for the firstborn offspring of an ass. And we are to break the neck of an ass firstborn if the ass is not redeemed. (Ex 13:13, 34:20.)

Every priest must wear the priestly vestments for the service (Ex 28:2), and they can become ritually impure by attending the burial of their deceased relatives. (Lev 21:1-3, Ex 28:2.) We must show the proper honor to a priest by giving him precedence in all holy things (Lev 21:8.) High Priests must marry virgins (Lev 21:13), and unclean people must be sent out of the Sanctuary (Numbers 5:2.) Priests must bless Israel (Numbers 6:23); we must reserve a portion of the priests (Numbers 15:20.) Levites must be given cities to dwell in, the same cities used as cities for refuge for the accidental murderer. (Numbers 35:2.) Levites have to serve in the Sanctuary in different teams, but on festivals, all priests serve together (Deut 18:6-8.)

Half a shekel every year is to be given to help maintain the Sanctuary (Ex 30:13.) The Spirit of this commandment is that every believer in the Messiah has a responsibility to provide a financial donation to help maintain Christian ministries.

The tithe of produce is to be set aside for the Levites (Lev 27:30, Numbers 18:24), and we have to remember to tithe our cattle (Lev 27:32.) Levites have to reserve one-tenth of the tithes and give it to the priests (Numbers 18:26.) The second tithe must be set aside in the first, second, fourth and fifth years of the sabbatical cycle to be eaten by its owner in Jerusalem (Deut 14:22) We have to set aside the second tithe in the third and sixth year of the sabbatical cycle for the poor (Deut 14:28-29.)

The Spirit of these commandments would be to budget, to remember the poor, and those who minister the Gospel.

We have to give priests their due portion of cattle’s carcasses (Deut 18:3) the first of the fleece (Deut 18:4.) The great heave-offering must be set aside for the priests (Deut 18:4.) When bringing the second tithe to the Sanctuary, we make the prescribed declaration (Deut 26:13, Numbers 18:11.)

The Sanctuary has to be built (Ex 25:8), the showbread and the frankincense must be set out every Shabbat (Ex 25:30.) We offer up incense twice a day in the Temple (Ex 30:7), and the Priests must wash their hands and feet at the time of service (Ex 30:19.) We are to prepare the oil of anointment as instructed and use it to anoint High Priests and kings. (Ex 30:31.)

If we use sacred things by mistake, we must make restitution plus 20 % (Lev 5:16.) The ashes have to be removed from the altar (Lev 6:3), and the fire on the altar of the burnt offering must never go out (Lev 6:8.) We have to revere the Sanctuary (Lev 19:30) and whenever the Ark is carried, carry it on one’s shoulder (Numbers 7:9.)

Make sure to observe the second Passover (Numbers 9:11) and eat the Paschal lamb’s flesh with unleavened bread and bitter herbs (Numbers 9:11.)

In times of trouble and at the offerings of sacrifice, sound the trumpets (Numbers 10:9-10) and continually watch over the edifice (Numbers 18:1-2.) Bring a guilt offering if you have unintentionally committed a trespass against a sacred thing, robbed or lain carnally with a bondmaid bethroed to a man, or denied what was deposited with you and swore falsely to support your denial. (Lev 7:1.)

The firstborn of clean cattle is to be reserved for a sacrifice (Ex 13:2.) The Paschal lamb has to be slain (Ex 12:6.) The meat of the Paschal sacrifice has to be eaten on the night of Passover (Ex 12:8.)

Your first fruits are to be brought to the Sanctuary (Ex 23:19), and meat from sin-offerings and guilt-offerings shall be eaten (Ex 29:33.) There are specific procedures of the burnt offering (Lev 1:3) for the meal-offering (Lev 2:1), and every sacrifice should be salted (Lev 2:13.)

The Court of Judgment will sometimes make a bad decision and have to offer up a sacrifice (Lev 4:13-14.)

Sometimes you will sin in error (as regards a transgression punishable by excision); if so, you should offer a sin-offering (Lev 4:27-28. The value of what you offer should be in accordance with your means (Lev 5:7.) Are you in doubt as to whetever you committed a sin for which one must bring a sin-offering, bring a guilt-offering to be safe (Lev 5:17-19.)

This proves to us the Torah does not expect perfection, and it was able to atone for unintentional sins. Today we can obey these commandments by 1.John 1:9, confess, and repent.

Lev 6:9, we must eat the remainder of meal offerings. The High Priest should make a daily meal offering (Lev 6:13.) Make sure to strictly observe the procedure of the sin-offering, the guilt offering, the peace offering. (Lev 6:13,6:18, 7:1, 7:11)

If there is any remaining meat from the holy sacrifices it has to be burned (Lev 7:17) If the meat, for the holy sacrifice, has become unclean it must be burned (Lev 7:19.)

Women who have given birth must bring an offering (Lev 12:6), and a leper should bring a sacrifice after he is cleansed (Lev 14:10.)

A man having a physical discharge should bring a sacrifice after he is cleansed (Lev 15:13-15) and also a woman (Lev 15:28-30.)

Observe the special sacrificial service of Yom Kippur (Lev 16:3-34)

Every animal offered for sacrifice shall be without blemish (Lev 22:21) Cattle must be at least eight days old before they may be sacrificed (Lev 22:27)

On the second day of Passover, make sure to offer the correct meal-offering measure together with one lamb. (Lev 23:10-12.) On Shavuot, bring loaves of bread together with the prescribed sacrifices to be offered (Lev 23:17-20.) Offer an additional sacrifice on Passover (Lev 23:26.)

If you vow to Yehovah, the monetary value of a person, you shall pay the amount prescribed in the Torah. (Lev 27:2.)

If an animal is exchanged for one set aside to be sacrificed, both animals become sacred (Lev 27:10.)

If you vow to Yehovah the monetary value of an unclean beast, you shall pay its value (Lev 27:11-13). If you vow your house’s value, you shall pay according to the priest’s appraisal (Lev 27:1-14-15.) If you sanctify a portion of your field, you shall pay according to the estimation as delineated in the Torah (Lev 27:!5.)

Decide which dedicated property is sacred to the Lord and which belongs to the Priest (Lev 27:28) Confess your sins before God when bringing a sacrifice and at other times (Numbers 28:3.)

Offer up the regular sacrifices daily (Numbers 28:3.) and additional sacrifices on the Shabbat (Numbers 28:9) An extra sacrifice every New Moon (Numbers 28:11).

Bring additional offering on Shavuot, Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot. (Numbers 28:26-27, 29:2-6, 29:7-8, 29:12-34) with addition sacrifice on Shemini Atzeret (Numbers 29:35-38.)

Make sure to bring all offerings, obligatory and free will, on the first festival after they were incurred (Deut 12:5-6)

Deut 12:14 says sacrifices has to be given in the Temple. We all know the Temple is gone, so we can not obey the above laws as we should. But the book of Hebrews says the heavenly Temple still exists, and Yeshua, our high priest is in it right now doing service on our behalf. This tells us it is possible to obey these laws by our faith in Yeshua and what He did for us.

We have to pay the priesthood a symbolic amount for cattle set apart for sacrifices but then became blemished. This releases these cattle to be eaten by anyone (Deut 12:15).

Make an effort to bring sacrifices from places outside Israel (Deut 12:26.) When bringing the first fruits, read the prescribed Torah portions. (Deut 26:5-10.)

Eight species of creeping things will defile you on contact (Lev 11:29-30)

Food becomes defiled by contact with unclean things (Lev 11:34). If you touch the carcass of a beast that died by itself, you become ritually unclean (Lev 11:39.)

A woman who has just given birth is ritually unclean (Lev 12:2-5) a leper is unclean and will defile you on contact (Lev 13:2-46.)

You can recognize a leper by the prescribed marks (Lev 13:45) their clothes has to be unclean and defiling (Lev 13:47-49) along with their house (lev 14:34-46.)

Seminal discharge makes a man defiled (Lev 15:1-15) because semen defiles (Lev 15:16.)

To remedy defilement, immerse yourself in a mikvah (Lev 15:16.) Menstruating women are ritually unclean and defile others (Lev 15:19-24.) A woman with a flowing discharge is ritually unclean (Lev 15:25-27.)

Carry out the Red Heifer ordinances so its ashes will always be available (Numbers 19:9.)

A corpse defiles (Numbers 19:11-16.) Waters of separation purify one from being unclean by coming in contact with a corpse. They also defile one who is already clean ( Numbers 19:19-22.)

Lepers must shave their heads (Lev 14:9) and use the leprosy cleansing process as prescribed (Lev 14:2-7)

We must appoint a king (Deut 17:15), and every king shall write a Torah scroll for himself (Deut 17:18)

Nazarites must allow their hair to grow (Numbers 6:5) and shave it off and bring offerings after the Nazarite period. (Numbers 6:9.)

Anoint a special priest to speak to soldiers (Deut 20:2.) For nonobligatory wars, observe the procedure prescribed in the Torah (Deut 20:10.)

Expel the seven Canaanite nations from Israel’s land (Deut 7:1, 20:17) Deal appropriately with a beautiful woman taken captive in war (Deut 21:10-14.)

Designate a place outside the camp for sanitary purposes (Deut 23:13) and keep it sanitary (Deut 23:14-15.)

Destroy all Amalekites (Deut 25:19) and remember what they did to the Jewish people (Deut 25:17.)

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