Is your employer obeying Torah?

14 July 2020

Series: The Torah

Is your employer obeying Torah?

In Deut 23:25-26, it says employees are permitted to eat from the produce they reap. So an employee should benefit from what his or her company produces.

It is a sin not to pay wages to your workers when they are due (Deut 24:15)

Ex 21:2-6 says we are to deal with the Hebrew bondsman by laws about him. And if a Jewish servant has come to the end of their terms of service, we are to give him generous gifts (Deut 15:14)

Should a man not want to marry his maidservant, she should be released from working for him (Ex 21:8). If he wants to marry her, he can (Ex 21:8), but he is obligated to treat her as his wife and not his servant.

Canaanite slaves must be treated well, and you can keep them permanently (Lev 25:46.)

How are we to obey these commandments today? The first two are easy, employees should benefit from what their company produces, and wages are to be paid on time. In our day and age, we dont have what is called a bondsman. Isaac was a bondsman because he pledged to work for his father in law in exchange for marrying Rebecca. So the closes equivalent we have to a bondsman today would be an employer-employee relationship. We pledge to work for a company in exchange for benefits and wages. Ex 21:2-6 says we are to be treated well on the job, and if we decide to leave, we are to be given generous gifts (Deut 15:14.) If you want to marry your employer, you can (Ex 21:8-9), but if they do not want to marry you, it is best to find another job. If you hire someone who does not share your religious views, you will treat them well (Lev 25:46)

Deut 23:24 says we must keep our word and when we make a vow we need to cancel, we have to adhere to particular rules (Numbers 30:4-17.) If we swear by God’s name, we have to swear honestly (Deut 10:20.)

These commandments tell us to keep our word and be careful about making vows or swearing by God’s name. In the book of Acts, we read about Ananias and Saphira. They were Christians, believed in Yeshua as their Lord and Savior, but because they did not keep their word and lied to Yehovah, He killed them both. So this shows us how important it is, to be honest in everything we do, and if we make a vow, or we swear by His name, He will hold us accountable for it.

Ex 23:11 says the land has to rest in the Sabbatical year. We are to perform no tree work (Lev 25:2) and sound the shofar to proclaim the Sabbatical year (Lev 25:9). In the Sabbatical year, creditors are to be released from their debt (Deut 15:2)

Most of us are not farmers, so we dont work in agriculture. The commandment to have a Sabbatical year can still be obeyed no matter what our profession might be. We can also choose to release our creditors from their debt in the Sabbatical year and sound the shofar. So these commandments are not burdensome for us to obey today.

At the close of the seven-year, we are to gather al the people to hear the Torah read aloud (Deut 31:12.) The years of Jubilee is to be calculated by years and cycles of seven years (Lev 25:8) and kept holy by resting and letting the land rest (Lev 25:10.) We are to grant redemption to the land in the Jubilee year (Lev 25:24)

These commandments are not burdensome for us to obey today, even though we might not be farmers.

We have to have a legal system (Deut 16:18) and adjudicate cases of purchases and sale (Lev 25:14) We are to judge cases of liability of a paid custodian under whose watch the guarded property was damaged (Ex 22:9) Judge cases of loss for which borrowed property was damaged (Ex 22:13-14) and cases of inheritance (Numbers 27:8-11.)

We are to judge cases of damage caused by leaving a pit uncovered (Ex 21:33-34) and cases of injuries caused by beasts (Ex 21:35-36.) If trespassing cattle caused damage, we are to judge such cases (Ex 22:4.) and cases of fire-related damage (Ex 22:5.) Also cases of damage caused by giving something to someone to safeguard and then having that property damaged or lost (Ex 22:6-7)

We must judge cases between a plaintiff and defendant (Ex 22:8) If we have evidence relevant to any case, we are obligated to testify (Lev 5:1.) We are also bound to examine witnesses (Deut 13:15.)

Cases are to be decided according to the majority of the judges when there is a difference of opinion (Ex 23:2.) Both parties in a litigation are to be treated with equal impartiality (Lev 19;15), and we are bound to accept the decisions of every Jewish Supreme court (Deut 17:11.)

All of us can easily obey these commandments, except for the last one. We do not have access to the Sanhedrin (the Jewish Supreme court.)

We are to lend to a poor person (Ex 22:24,) make sure to return a security deposit to its owner (Deut 24.13) and have accurate scales and weights (Lev 19:36.)

These are easy commandments to obey, lend to a poor person, return the security deposit to its owner, and be honest when trading and selling things.

We have to make a low railing or wall for our roofs (Deut 22:8), and if we witness someone being attacked with deadly intent, we are obligated to maim or kill the assailant to save the victim (Deut 25:12.)

It is not impossible for anyone to obey these commandments. It is not easy to maim or kill the assailant to save the victim, but if it means saving a life, you can do so, says the Bible.

Houses sold within a walled city may be redeemed within a year (Lev 25:29.) If you steal something we are to give it back (Lev 5:23) and lost property must be returned (Deut 22:1.)

Ex 21:20 and Lev 26:25 says the Sanhedrin has the power to sentence someone to death by decapitation with the sword. Lev 20:10, 20:14, Deut 22:24, 21:22 says the Sanhedrin can sentence someone to death by strangulation, burning with fire, stoning, and hanging the dead body of someone who has incurred that penalty.

The Sanhedrin is not in session now, so we can not obey these commandments. But the book of Revelation says there will come a time when Yeshua will sit as the head of the Sanhedrin, and He will be the one who sentences people to death if they sin.

Executed criminals are to be buried on the day of their execution (Deut 21:23.) If someone commits and accidental homicide, they must be exiled (Numbers 35:25.) Should someone commit accidental homicide, they have six cities of refuge (Deut 19:3.)

If a murder has happened, and the perpetrator is unknown, we must decapitate a heifer in the manner prescribed to expiate the murder. (Deut 21:4.)

A thief or a kidnapper must pay compensation, or in some instances, pay with his life (Ex 21:16, 21:37, 22:1.)

Pay monetary compensation for any bodily injury you inflict (Ex 21:28-19.) If you seduce an unbetrothed virgin, you have to pay 50 shekels (Ex 22:15-16.) If you have sex with an unbetrothed virgin, you are forced to marry her (Deut 22:28-29.) The wicked are to be chastised with whipping or beating (Deut 25:2), and we must do to false witnesses as they had plotted to do to the accused (Deut 19:19.)

All of these commandments are easy for us to obey, and for those, we can not follow right now because of the lack of a temple or the Sanhedrin, we can abide by the Spirit in them.

The last commandment in Deut 19:19 gives us an exciting insight into what happened when the woman was caught in adultery in the Gospels. When Yeshua says, “those without sin shall cast the first stone” He refers to the fact that if they lied about her adultery, the Torah commands them to be stoned. When they leave their stones, it proves she never committed adultery in the first place; this was all a trap to catch Yeshua.

If a prophet does not change the Torah, we are to heed to what he says in each generation (Deut 18:!5.)

Idolatry and its accessories have to be destroyed (Deut 12:2-3) and every inhabitant in an idolatrous city has to be killed, and the town burned (Deut 13:16-17.)

The fourth-year fruit of a tree shall be sacred and eaten in Jerusalem (Lev 19:24.)

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