We are to be honest when we buy from each other or sell to each other (Lev 25:14.) We can not charge interest on loans to family members (Lev 25:37), and if family members decide they will charge interest, we are forbidden to borrow money from them.
It is forbidden to be part of any prohibited transaction as a witness, guarantor, or anything else (Ex 22:24). If a poor creditor can not repay his debts, we are forbidden to pester him about it. (Ex 22:24)
We can not take food preparation utensils as collateral (Deut 24:6) or exact a pledge from a debtor by force ( Deut 24:10.) If we have taken creditors collateral, we must give it back if they need it. (Deut 24:12)
We can not take a pledge from a widow (Deut 24:12) or be fraudulent when measuring items or quantities for sale with inaccurate measures and weights. (Lev 19:35, Deut 25:13-14)
It is a sin to delay payment of a worker’s wages (Lev 19:13) and a sin for us to demand more pay then we deserve (Deut 23:25.) A worker should be paid enough to live a good life and care for themselves and their families (Deut 25:4)
Employees should be treated with respect (Lev 25:39, 25:43, 25:42, 25:53, Ex 21:28) When we resign from the workforce, we deserve a good pension so we can care for ourselves and our families (Deut 15:13)
Christian employers have a special obligation to care for their employees, regardless of their employees’ religion (Deut 23:16, 17)
When we make a vow and take an oath to do something in Yehovah’s name, we are responsible for seeing it through. If we break it, He will hold us accountable to it. (Ex 20:7, Lev 19:12, Numbers 30:3, Deut 23:22.) We are to remember the story of Ananias and Saphira in Acts, they took an oath in Yehovah’s name and broke it. As a punishment, Yehovah killed them.
In Lev 25:4-5, Deut 15:2, 15:9, Lev 25:11, we find laws concerning the Sabbatical and Jubilee years. These laws require us to be farmers and have access to the temple to fulfill. Most of us are not farmers, and we dont have access to the temple. So we can’t obey them to the letter. They still apply to us so that we can obey the spirit of these laws. So what is the spirit of these laws? The spirit is the Shabbat.
In Deut 1:13, we learn we are only to appoint skilled and learned people as judges in a court of law. We are not to curse a judge in a court of law (Ex 22:27.)
If we are called to testify, we must tell the truth (Ex 20:13), and if we testify in a capital case, we can’t judge it (Numbers 35:30.) Those who refuse to obey the Torah shall not testify (Ex 23:1.)
In matters of capital punishment, close relatives of the defendant may not testify (Deut 24:16.)
Ex 23:1 says Judges may not hear one of the parties to a suit in the absence of the other party. We can never decide a case on the evidence of a single witness (Deut 19:15)
When it comes to capital cases, you are not to go by the majority view if only one vote makes the majority in favor of finding the defendant guilty (Ex 23:2.) If one argues, in a capital case, for acquittal, you can not later argue for condemnation (Ex 23:2).
We are forbidden to make wicked decisions (Lev 19:15) or to favor the rich and powerful when trying a case (Lev 19:!5). Taking bribes is forbidden (Ex 23:8), and we must not be intimidated by a nasty person when trying a case ( Deut 1:17)
The poverty of one of the parties must not affect our judgment (Ex 23:2), and we are not to be prejudiced when judging strangers or orphans (Deut 24:17.) If people have a bad reputation, we must not let that affect our judgment (Ex 23:6).
We can not impose the death penalty only on circumstantial evidence if anyone still has some evidence in favor of the accused (Ex 23:7). We can not execute anyone for a capital offense before he or she has stood trial (Number 35:12) and we are not to flout or act against the orders of the court (Deut 17:11)
If we see someone pursuing another person, we are to maim or kill him before he reaches the pursued and slays or assaults him or her (Deut 25:12). We are forbidden to leave something that may cause hurt. So you have a responsibility to make sure that what you own will not damage people or property. (Deut 22:8)
If we find lost property, we have to return it. Therefore, it is a sin to lie about not finding lost property (Deut 22:3.) It is a sin to steal (Lev 19:11), and we are not to swear to deny another person property rights (Lev 19:11)
Deut 17:16 says we are not to go back to Egypt or to trust the world and our strength. For those who live outside of Israel, this would mean we are not to go back to our old life before we repented to the Torah.
We are not to deny another person property rights (Lev 19:11) or to remove landmarks (Deut 19:14.) It is a sin to change the character of the open land in the area of the Levites of their fields, and we are not to sell this land permanently. This commandment is something we can only obey when we live in the land of Israel, and the Levites have been restored to their office as priests in the temple. (Lev 25:34)
In Lev 25:23, it says we are not to make a permanent sale of our field in Israel’s land. Even though most of us live outside Israel, and we dont own any property there, we can all obey the spirit of this commandment. The spirit of this commandment is this: If an Israelite cant make a permanent sale of their field, it shows us Israel belongs to Yehovah and not to man. The Bible says Yehovah have given Israel to the Jews, so when “Christians” support the Palestinians “right to return to the land” they are sinning against Lev 25:23. Yehovah owns Israel, and He and He alone can decide who gets to live there.
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